Jesse Mustain: Is There a Revolutionary War Record?

I’ve found no Jesse Mustain Revolutionary War Record. If anyone has details, please alert us by commenting on this post. Here’s a list of Virginian’s serving in the Revolution, and Jesse is not listed (source:

We know about Avery’s military service from the details in his pension request.

Can we guess that Jesse enlisted in the Revolution at the same time as his younger brother, Avery (the other 9 of 11 children were sisters)?

Jesse was born in 1750 and Avery in 1756.

There is no pension request record for Jesse, who died in Jun 1794, before pension benefits were available. It seems that Jesse’s wife, Jenny (I’ll check further for her maiden name), died in 1792…so she would not have been alive to request a widow’s benefit. These dates are from Carolyn Mckenzie’s “tree-format” research.*

Delores M. Mustaine’s research agrees with the dates in Carolyn’s research (see information about Jesse, beginning on page 55 of Delores’ book). Delores also had no maiden name for Jesse’s first wife or any mention of his military service. Here are details of his second marriage, about one year after Jenny’s death:

Jesse married second June 11, 1793, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Polly Brewis, daughter of Robert Brewis.

Please know that any blood descendant of Jesse’s and Avery’s father, Thomas Mustain, is eligible for Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), based on Thomas donating a firearm and signing the oath of allegiance.

Thomas Musteen for 1 smooth Bore Gun impressed for the use of the Militia on their march to join General Green. 1 pound, 12 shillings, 6 pence
November 10, 1783, Thomas Mustain furnished one gun for the Southward Expedition.

Thomas also signed the Oath of Allegiance in 1777.

Looking to see if I might find an illustration of a “smooth bore” gun, I found that it was a musket. Wikipedia includes some interesting information about how complicated it was to load and shoot one:

A musket is a muzzle-loaded, smooth bore long gun, fired from the shoulder. Muskets were designed for use by infantry. A soldier armed with a musket had the designation musketman or musketeer


musketeer training

“A Seventeenth-Century manual of arms; step-by-step procedure in the handling of the musket by ranked [arranged in ranks] men was essential to avoid fatal accidents.”

  …In the 18th century, as typified by the English Brown Bess musket, loading and firing was done in the following way:

  • Upon the command “prime and load“, the soldier would make a quarter turn to the right at the same time bringing the musket to the priming position. The pan would be open following the discharge of the previous shot, meaning that the frizzen would be tilted forward. If the musket was not being reloaded after a previous shot, the soldiers would be ordered to “Open Pan“.
  • Upon the command “Handle cartridge“, the soldier would draw a cartridge from the cartridge box worn on the soldier’s right hip or on a belt in front of the soldier’s belly. Cartridges consisted of a spherical lead ball wrapped in a paper cartridge which also held the gunpowder propellant. The end of the cartridge opposite from the ball would be sealed by a mere twist of the paper. The soldier then tore off the twisted end of the cartridge with the teeth and spat it out, and continued to hold the now open cartridge in his right hand.
  • Upon the command “prime“, the soldier then pulled the hammer back to half-cock, and poured a small amount of powder from the cartridge into the priming pan. He then closed the frizzen so that the priming powder was trapped.
  • Upon the command “about“, the butt of the musket was then lowered and moved to a position against the soldier’s left calf, and held so that the soldier could then access the muzzle of the musket barrel. The soldier then poured the rest of the powder from the cartridge down the muzzle. The cartridge was then reversed, and the end of the cartridge holding the musket ball was inserted into the muzzle, with the remaining paper shoved into the muzzle above the musket ball. This paper acted as wadding to stop the ball and powder from falling out if the muzzle was lowered.
  • Upon the command “draw ramrods“, the soldier drew the ramrod from the musket. The ramrod was grasped and reversed when removed, and the large end was inserted about one inch into the muzzle.
  • Upon the command “ram down cartridge“, the soldier then used the ramrod to firmly ram the wadding, bullet, and powder down to the breech of the barrel. The ramrod was then removed, reversed, and returned to half way in the musket by inserting it into the first and second ramrod pipes. The soldier’s hand then grasped the top of the ramrod.
  • Upon the command “return rammers“, the soldier would quickly push the rammer the remaining amount to completely return it to its normal position. Once the ramrod was properly replaced, the soldier’s right arm would be held parallel to the ground at shoulder level, with the right fingertips touching the bayonet lug, and lightly pressing the musket to the soldier’s left shoulder. The soldier’s left hand still supported the musket.

(At no time did the soldier place the musket on the ground to load)

  • Upon the command “Make Ready“. The musket was brought straight up, perpendicular to the ground, with the left hand on the swell of the musket stock, the lock turned toward the soldier’s face, and the soldier’s right hand pulled the lock to full cock, and grasped the wrist of the musket.
  • Upon the command “present“, the butt of the musket was brought to the soldier’s right shoulder, while at the same time the soldier lowered the muzzle to firing position, parallel to the ground, and sighting (if the soldier had been trained to fire at “marks”) along the barrel at the enemy.
  • Upon the command of “fire“, the soldier pulled the trigger, and the musket (hopefully) fired. A full second was allowed to pass, and the musket was then quickly lowered to the loading position, butt against the soldier’s right hip, muzzle held off center to the left at about a forty-five degree angle, and the soldier would look down at his open pan to determine if the prime had been ignited.

This process was drilled into troops until they could complete the procedure upon hearing a single command of “prime and load“. No additional verbal orders were given until the musket was loaded, and the option was either to give the soldiers the command “Make Ready“, or to hold the musket for movement with the command of “Shoulder your firelock“. The main advantage of the British Army was that the infantry soldier trained at this procedure almost every day. A properly trained group of regular infantry soldiers was able to load and fire four rounds per minute. A crack infantry company could load and fire five rounds in a minute.

If you have any details about Jesse’s military service, please click on the comment icon and share details or online links.

*After the tree information loads in Carolyn’s research, click inside the box before you type F for a list of all names. That is not clear in the directions on the research page.


Mustain Name Origin

A Sep 2007 post to by Pamela Almustaine, a professional researcher, gives  possible history of Mustain and related names. Her post is copied below in full. I’ve added bold text to a few sections I found most interesting. For example she found a 1722 land grant to Thomas Mustain, who may have been our Thomas’ father. There is also a note that our Thomas may have been trained as clerk, lawyer, or legal notary.

The following details are very complicated, and I certainly don’t understand the way they all fit together. However, I want to share with our family because I (and others) have found mystery about Thomas Mustain before the first 1748 record of him in Pittsylvania Co. VA.

Thomas Mustain_Origin of Name 

Hello Steve,
don’t get me wrong…. I am talking about descent over millennia here… I am an anthropologist and have spent a lot of my time researching descent from Antiquity and long term migration patterns…

Thomas Mustain clearly had his origins in the British Isles in terms of immediate lineage. I believe he belonged to the family of Taine’s recorded in Bermuda, Barbados, and Jamaica. Both Thomas and Jesse were Anglicans not Jewish neither were they Morisco or Melungeon. Marriage records show Anglican, Quaker, and Huguenot affiliation for the Taine, Moustin, M’Taine, and Muston families that emigrated to Americas in the 1500-1700 time frame.

Mustain family migration

English Galleon Model as one possible sailing ship. Public domain image from Wikipedia

These migration patterns of these surnames from 1000 AD – 1750 are as follows (I am creating a map to show the relationships). Brittany to England – (within England to Wales, Brittany, Cornwall, Channel Islands). With the advent of persecution in France they migrated to Holland, Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean. From Holland they migrated to Scandinavia, Germany, New Amsterdam, Canada and the Caribbean. From Ireland they migrated to Canada, North America and the Caribbean.

The Moorish/Arab name Al Musta’in is not the same as Mustain although there is some similarity in the creed of Mostyn (Auxillum meum et Dominum) and the Arab meaning of the name Al Musta’in (one who prays to God for intercession). I am not entirely discounting a connection however..more research will need to be done before we can say yay or nay with any certainty.

In fact the centuries old Anglophilic definition of the origin of the surname Mostyn (Moss town) is under scrutiny. The name does have an alternative Latin meaning “tin mine”. Incidentally the same root behind Brittanium. My research so far shows that in England most of the town names derived from Mostin are in some way associated with mining (tin, silver, or coal) or with families with mining interests. This was certainly true of Isaac of Muston. If the name Mustain is in any way connected to Musta’in it would have had to be prior to 500AD.

I highly suspect that any Arabic genes infused into the lineage may have come from secondary sources not from the main Mustaine ancestral line but from an Admixture introduced between 1000AD and 1700AD through a Portuguese or Spanish intermarriage. Regarding the name Seludy there were a great many girls of from this area in 1700-1780 who were named Seluda, Seludi, Seludie after then Seluda river in Carolina.

With regard to that… this bolsters my believe that the next step to locating our Thomas Mustain is to look in the islands of the Caribbean where there was two generations of Jesse Taine living in Barbados. One Jesse Taine married a Joan Browne in the Anglican Parish in 1725. At the baptism of their son William some years later there was a Jesse Tain who was made Godfather of little William. I found a record of a Jesse Tayn who emigrated from the Caribbean to South Carolina prior to 1740 accompanied by a William Browne. It would appear also that our verifiable Thomas Mustain was not the original Thomas (first ancestor) but rather his son.

Land records indicate that Thomas Mustain received a land grant in 1722. Since he would have had to be an adult to receive the grant. This Thomas would have had to be our Thomas’s father. If our Thomas had been an adult in 1722 he would have been too old to be the Thomas Mustain that participated in the American Revolution.

Here is what I know so far…

There is a record of Marc Taine aka Marc Moustin serving as an alderman in Calais. He is also associated with the Enterprise of America (French West India Company) which in 1560 sent settlers to Martinique to raise sugar cane and tobacco. One of these settlers was a Marie Taine (possibly Marc’s sister). There is also at this time a Antoine Taine/Mustin also from Calais who was instrumental the settlement of New Amsterdam and Canada.

There is a record of a Thomas and Ann Moustine who debarked in MD 1670, in 1701 there is a record of a Thomas Taine baptized son of Thomas Taine and Jeanne Cornu in Calais France. There is also a John Mustain recorded in MD around 1660. (Maryland is very close to Halifax/ Pittsylvania county VA.)*

*Rebecca’s note: I believe I’ve found this John Mustain, please scroll to the bottom of this article.

There is a Jesse Taine in Barbados married Joan Browne in 1725 and emigrated to South Carolina in abt 1740. There is a second Jesse Taine who is obviously related to the first Jesse Taine (whether senior or junior I am not yet certain).

One thing I am sure of the (M’Taine/Mustain) family did not come to the Carribean as indentured servants, nor did they come by way of Bristol, Middlesex, or London. They would likely have sailed from the ports of France, Holland, or Ireland. Most likely as the owners of their own ships, or as fully paid passengers.

BTW… There is some indication that our Thomas may have been a (clerk, lawyer, or legal notary).

One additional aside not sure how it is related… There is a record of a Thomas Mostyn and Browne (T/P)ayne located at Puddledock up Thames London in 1730 as the insurance underwriters for port shipments of sugar between the colonies and Dutch and English ports. The name of the insurance company at the time was the Sun Assurance Company. in 1781 ownership was transferred and the name changed to Phoenix Assurance.

Could this be the record that Pamela referred to in the text above?

*Thomas Moustain (Mustain) b. ~ 1650 (son of John)

Click on the links below, to see the parents of this Thomas and tables of several generations. Clicking on the “Mustain” or “Vaughan” links will give you a list of persons in each family:
John Mustain (of Churston) [Mustain] b. изм 1620 и 1630 d. ~ 1682

Bridget Vaughan (Vann) [Vaughan] b. 1635проц

> # Thomas Moustain (Mustain) [Mustain]

1674, From France to Maryland

Although it is certain that Thomas was related to John Mustain, the age of John’s wife makes it difficult (but not impossible) to reconcile chronologically, unless Thomas was the projeny of a first marriage. Another scenario is that Thomas is cousin’s son to John, being the grandson of either John’s uncle Jasper, Thomas, or Maximilien. Maximilien is unlikely since non of the descendants of Thomas carried the name Maximilien forward. However the names Thomas, John, and Jesse/Jasper, appear with regular frequency. That Thomas is decended from the branch of Muston-Churchill that was located in France is made more likely by the fact that Thomas and his wife Ann set sail to Maryland from the Port of Calais, rather than the more conveniently located Cinque Ports.

Note on family migration: I was amazed to see the many types of sailing ships in wikipedia. It was not easy for me to determine on which types of ships our ancestors might have sailed.

If you have more information about our family before Thomas Mustain and Mary Haley Mustain, please share comments and/or links.


Thomas Mustain Children

Thomas Mustain and Mary Haley Mustain had 11 children, born from about 1750 to 1774.

I’ve found that many family researchers have entered data on Thomas’ descendents into programs like,, or…if you want to join any of those services. So far, I have not found an easy way to share details entered in those formats. However, rootsweb in and familytreemaker at allow descending, clickable links. In this post, I’ll share a list of Thomas’ and Mary’s children from each, because the two lists are different (note that the familytreemaker list is from Carolyn Mckenzie’s excellent research).

Some differences in the two lists of Thomas Mustain children:

Children are listed in different order, and the details given are not complete in either. I checked dates for any difference. The rootsweb list does not include Tabetha, and the familytreemaker list has spelled her name as Tabitha. We see Rebeckah and Rebecca. If we look at Thomas’ will, we confirm Tabetha and Rebecca. Avery’s birth date is listed first as Feb 16 1756, then as Feb 26, 1756.

To preserve your ability to click through to other details where available, I have not changed any format or content of either list. The rootsweb link also contains some research details for Thomas, two segments of which are included on this page. Links in the first list have a few spouses and more details for Avery, but clicking on links in the 2nd list of children will give you much more information and let you move into other generations. I have not compared dates or other details as one clicks though for more information.

Thomas Mustain House

Original fieldstone is still visible in the dining room.

As I looked closely at both lists of children and birthdates, I had to wonder where the family lived as each child was born.  Since Thomas’ first land grant was in 1753, it seems unlikely that any child before Milly (about 1755), Winifred (Winney – about 1756), or Avery (1756) could have been born in the historic home that is still standing. Some estimate the home to be built as late as 1769, but that date could refer to additions made by Jesse.

The first record of Thomas Mustain is in 1748, he is on the list of Tiltable. I could not find any information about him before this date.

Thomas received his first land grant Feb. 5, 1753 from King George II of England, signed by Robert Dinwiddle. It consisted of 400 acres in Luneburg co., on Poplar Branch of Mill Creek…

Thomas Mustain’s home is still standing in Pittsylvania Co., VA, even though it was built nearly 200 years ago. Thomas’s home was built ca 1769. Thomas, his sons Jesse and Avery, and his son-in-law-s father Littleberry Patterson built their homes within 15 miles of each other.

Marriage 1 Mary Haley b: WFT Est 1726

  • Married: WFT Est 1750 in Pittsylvania county, Virginia


  1. Anna Mustain b: WFT Est 1750 in Pittsylvania Co., VA
  2. Jesse Mustain b: WFT Est 1750 in Gretna, Pittsylvania Co., VA
  3. Rebeckah Mustain b: ABT 1752
  4. Molley Mustain b: WFT Est 1752
  5. Milly Mustain b: ABT 1755
  6. Winifred Mustain b: ABT 1756
  7. Avery MUSTAIN b: 16 FEB 1756 in Camden Parish, Pittsylvania Co., Va.
  8. Salley Mustain b: ABT 1767
  9. Saludy Mustain b: 1772 in Pittsylvania Co., VA
  10. Mary Ann Mustain b: ABT 1774

Descendants of Thomas Mustain

Generation No. 1

1. THOMAS1 MUSTAIN was born 1725 in Halifax, Lunenberg Co., Virginia, and died 1791 in Pittsylvania Co., VA. He married MARY HALEY 1748-1750 in VA.
Children of THOMAS MUSTAIN and MARY HALEY are: 



  MOLLEY2 MUSTAIN, m. JOHN PATTERSON, June 30, 1794, Pittsylvania Co., VA.










  ANNA MUSTAIN, b. Abt. 1750, Pittsylvania Co., VA; d. 186-1820, KY.


  JESSE MUSTAIN, b. 1750, Gretna, Pittsylvania Co., VA; d. June 1794, Gretna, Pittsylvania Co., VA.


  AVERY MUSTAIN, b. February 26, 1756, Camden Parish, Pittsylvania Co., VA; d. August 31, 1833, Camden Parish, Pittsylvania Co., VA.


  SALLEY MUSTAIN, b. Abt. 1767; m. PRICE SKINNER, June 30, 1794, Pittsylvania Co., VA.


  MILDRED MUSTAIN, b. 1770-1780, VA; d. August 1838, VA.


  SALUDY MUSTAIN, b. 1772, Pittsylvania Co., VA; d. 1812, Chimney Rock, Gallia Co., OH.

If you can add information from your family stories or research, please leave a comment and share details and/or online links with our extended family.


Thomas Mustain’s Daughter: Anna Mustain 1750

Family, please see 2 recent posts from Ben Buckner below this article. Contents of the article have not yet been fully compared and updated to agree with several details contributed by Ben.

I’ve found some information about Anna Mustain and her descendents. If anyone has more details, please click on the comment icon in this post and share with us.

Anna Mustain was born about 1750 in Pittsylvania Co. VA, and this source estimates her death in about 1800 in KY. Carolyn Mckenzie’s (tree-format) research agrees with 1750, but lists no year of death.

Anna was listed In Thomas Mustain’s 1791 will, so we know she was living at that time.

To son Avery Mustain and daughters Anna Buckner, Milly Keesee, Tabetha Bruce, Winney Lewis, and Saludy Shelton one equal part of the money from the sale of the land;

There’s some confusion in online records about Anna’s marriage. The rootsweb/ link that I used above to show her birth year lists her marriage to William Buckner II, not William Buckner.

Both Delores Mustaine’s research (page 6) and Carolyn Mckenzie’s “tree format” research* agree that she married William Buckner on Sep 9, 1782 in Pittsylvania Co., VA. Delores and Carolyn also list a marriage (same date) to Jeremiah Bucknor. Delores has crossed this out and added a hand-written note, based on information from Kent Buckner, provided Feb13,1996.

From Kent’s input we know that Anna and William Buckner’s son, James. married Lavina West on Nov 4, 1805 in Green Go. KY. If you click on link # 19 below, Carolyn gives the marriage date as Nov 5, 1804.

From a reader of this blog, we know that Anna’s daughter, Mary Buckner, married Henry Spencer Sullivan.  They first lived in Knoxville, TN area and had a son Henry II, who was married twice. Henry II later moved to Southern IN, Bloomington area. His first wife had two children, Nancy and Dennis Sullivan.

If we look at Carolyn McKenzie’s list-format research, we see two marriages, but the years are 1768 to William Buckner and 1782 to Jeremiah Bucknor. I have to doubt the marriage to Jeremiah Bucknor, because Anna’s last two children are named Buckner and born in 1782 and 1785. It would seem that Anna was married only once, in 1768.

ANNA2 MUSTAIN (THOMAS1) was born Abt. 1750 in Pittsylvania Co., VA, and died 186-1820 in KY. She married (1) WILLIAM BUCKNER Abt. 1768 in Pittsylvania Co., VA. She married (2) JEREMIAH BUCKNOR September 09, 1782 in Pittsylvania Co., VA.
Children of ANNA MUSTAIN and WILLIAM BUCKNER are (click the number links to the left of a child to see more on his/her descendents. Where there are no links, this research did not find more details):



PRESLEY3 BUCKNER, b. June 06, 1769, Washington Co., NC; d. January 07, 1838, Martinsville, Morgan Co., IN.


MATILDA BUCKNER, b. 1770, VA; m. LITTLEBERRY COX, 1790-1795, VA.




HALEY BUCKNER, b. 1773, Washington Co., VA; d. April 15, 1819, Simpsonville, Jefferson Co., KY.








JOHN BUCKNER, b. 1778.






JAMES M. BUCKNER, b. 1785, VA; d. Bef. 1850, IN.

More about Anna’s Husband, William Buckner

Carolyn McKenzie shows William Buckner’s birth as: 1745, VA, and his death as Apr 1822, Green, KY.  There is a Revolutionary War record for William Buckner, Pittsylvania Co., VA, BUT it was filed on Oct 20, 1829…seven years after Carolyn shows William’s death.

The William Buckner, who was a resident in Pittsylvania Co. VA at the time this pension application for Revolutionary War Service was filed, was born in 1760 (he was age 69 on Jul 4,1829, according to the application). We see above that Anna and William’s son, William Jr., was born in 1774.  Could the war veteran be a cousin from the local area?

* When you use the “tree” view of Carolyn Mckenzie’s research, click inside the tree box after it loads the information (you’ll see a bar inside the top of the box as all the information is added), then type F to see an alphabetical list of names. Other directions are on the page, but the need to click inside the box before typing F to get the full, alphabet-order list is not clear.