Winifred Mustain’s Husband: Zacherias Lewis Revolutionary War Service

We see on page 46 of Delores M. Mustaine’s book that Thomas Mustain’s son-in-law, Zacherias Lewis, served in the Revolutionary War.

Delores’ note is:

Zacherias Lewis served three years in the 10th Virginia Regiment during the Revolutionary War.

He died in 1817, before pension benefits were available to veterans, so no pension statement with his summary of war service would be available as we have for Thomas’ son, Avery.

We find Zacherias listed in this rootsweb roster of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Patriots. On a Windows computer, you can hit Control/F to open a search box in the upper left corner of the list. Then, search by Lewis until you find his name.

LEWIS,  Zacherias.   Soldier. 10th Va. reg., Continental Line

Wikipedia tells us a bit about the 10th Virginia Regiment. According to Delores’ research above, Zacherias served for three years. Since the regiment was active for just less than four and one-half years, can we assume that Winnie’s husband was not captured?

The 10th Virginia Regiment was raised on December 28, 1775 in western Virginia for service with the Continental Army. The regiment would see action at the Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown, Battle of Monmouth and the Siege of Charleston. Most of the regiment was captured at Charlestown, South Carolina on May 12, 1780 by the British and the regiment was formally disbanded on November 15, 1783.

Watch for some possible confusion about the correct regiment. In this online reference, we see that Ruben Cooper II is named as having been in the 14th, along with a statement that it was sometimes known as the 10th Virgiinia Regiment. Ruben is under #12 on this page:

REUBEN COOPER II:
Military service: 1776, Served as sergeant in Capt. Edward Garland’s Co., 14th Virginia Regiment (also known as 10th) in Rev. War, under Col. Lewis and Col. Davies

However, this History of Pittsylvania County mentions both the 14th and 10th. Here Zacherias is clearly in the 10th Regiment.

I found no record for Zacherias when I searched under the “Ancestor” tab on Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) website. But please recall that any blood descendant of Thomas is eligible, based on Thomas’ material donation and pledge.

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Thomas Mustain Descendants: Eligible for Daughters of the American Revolution

Dear family, one of the most common questions from those who find this blog is about Thomas Mustain descendants and DAR. Are ALL descendants of Thomas eligible to apply for and be granted membership in Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR)?* According to the detailed research done by Delores M. Mustaine, the answer is YES.

Delores’ book is now photo archived and available online (400+ pages). Here is how you can see her research and details in answer to that question.

Click on the link below. When the screen opens, you’ll see a line in the upper half of the screen that says, “To view a digital version of this item, click here.” You can view or print any page(s).

https://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=761561&disp=The+descendants+of+Thomas+Mustain+of+Pit

If you look at the top half of the page numbered 3 (numbers are in the upper right corner) of Delores’ book, you’ll see the brief text I’ve pasted below:

Thomas Mustain was too old for military service in the Revolutionary War but proof of his civil service to the cause, acceptable for D.A.R. membership is as follows: March 18, 1782 Pittsylvania County, Virginia Court of Claims, page 39

Thomas Musteen for 1 smooth Bore Gun impressed for the use of the Militia on their march to join General Green. 1 pound, 12 shillings, 6 pence
November 10, 1783, Thomas Mustain furnished one gun for the Southward Expedition.

Thomas also signed the Oath of Allegiance in 1777.

Now, let’s look at some records that are in the  DAR Descendants Database.

Thomas is ancestor number A083627, and there are several applications based on his record. Please note that the link for Thomas’ ancestor number and the link below will take you to different sections of the DAR database. Also, the source to justify Thomas’ eligibility is listed differently in the DAR database than in Delores’ book.

http://services.dar.org/public/dar_research/search_descendants/?action=list&MyPrimary_Seqn=506836&MyLineageCount=1&Control_Min_Seqn=506836

If you’ve had any experience wtih the DAR application process, please see the comment icon at the top of this article and share details that might help others.

Thomas Mustain & DAR

Here is Thomas Mustain’s record of acceptable contribution and his “ancestor number” in the DAR database.

* There is at least one note in Delores’ book about a male descendant joining
Sons of the American Revolution.
I have not researched their database entries.

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Revolutionary War History: Well-Researched Novel

To the women in our family, I can recommend Daughters of the Revolution and Their Times 1769 – 1776 (A Historical Romance).   

The text was very helpful to me in understanding not only the well-researched events, but how these events might have affected the daily lives, actions and feelings of colonists. This is a source that can help bring history to life.*

For example, I had no idea that Parliament had passed legislation to make each colony a separate trade entity. Someone in New Hampshire with goods to sell to Boston could not simply transport them to Boston. He had to find an English ship and transport goods to England. Then the goods had to be transferred to another English ship and transported back to Boston…with the seller paying all costs and duties. Colonists had withstood these sorts of rulings from Parliament since 1696…more than 50 years!

1765 Broadside

This 1765 Broadside calls for the resignation of Andrew Oliver, Distributor of Stamps. Public Domain image from Wikipedia

With the Stamp Act, windows were broken by angry Boston citizens at the home of a British official. This resulted in the first two British Regiments being sent to occupy the city. Solders marched, idled away their time, drank and generally were rude, disruptive and dangerous to the colonists.

When the tax on tea was proposed, it was not excessive…the principal of taxation without representation was the straw that broke the camel’s back. Many mothers and daughters of Boston signed an oath to drink no more tea, and most were faithful for three years before the tax law became official. This resulted in huge surplus supplies of tea in London warehouses and hundreds of thousands of pounds in loss for the British-owned tea company. Several ships arrived with loads of tea, which the Boston colonists refused to be unloaded. A stalemate prevented ship captains from leaving without their ships being confiscated and themselves perhaps prosecuted for treason. British governors were deaf to firm negotiation from The Sons of Liberty…all of which escalated into the Boston Tea Party.

Through this novel, I better understand the early years of conflict that lead into Avery Mustain’s Revolutionary War service.

Here’s another resource that I look forward to viewing:

Sons of Liberty is a 1939 American short drama film directed by Michael Curtiz, which tells the story of Haym Solomon. It won an Academy Award in 1940 for Best Short Subject (two reels).

If you have favorite books or links, please leave a post and share with our family.

*I read the Kindle version, which was available at no cost when I downloaded. If you don’t own a Kindle, Amazon.com offers free apps for computers and mobile devices. I really love the Kindle for iPhone app, which is with me anywhere I’m waiting with a few minutes to read.

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Avery Mustain Revolutionary War Record and Grave

With Thanksgiving 2012 days away, I count many blessings. Not least of which is that my forefather, Avery Mustain, lived through 5 years of Revolutionary War battles, so that I could one day be born.

Until I found the sworn statement of Avery’s war experience, I had no details of his service or that he was present at the Siege of Yorktown. I wonder if he was aware of George Washington’s presence or the greatness of this event. Avery was 20 years old when he volunteered on Jul 11, 1776 and was detailed to march to Noland’s Ferry on the Potomac river with the prisoners from the Siege of Yorktown.  At Leesburg he received a discharge about the last of Nov 1781.

Surrender of Lord Cornwalis at the Seige of Yorktown

Surrender of Lord Cornwallis at the Seige of Yorktown. Public domain image courtsey of Wikipedia.

The Siege of Yorktown, Battle of Yorktown, or Surrender of Yorktown, the latter taking place on October 19, 1781, was a decisive victory by a combined force of American Continental Army troops led by General George Washington and French Army troops led by the Comte de Rochambeau over a British Army commanded by Lieutenant General Lord Cornwallis. The culmination of the Yorktown campaign, it proved to be the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War in North America, as the surrender by Cornwallis of his army prompted the British government to negotiate an end to the conflict.

Avery (born Feb 26, 1756 to Thomas and Mary Haley Mustain) served in the Revolutionary War and was allowed pension on his application executed Aug. 22, 1832. STATE OF VIRGINIA – COUNTY OF PITTSYLVANIA (National Archives File 7488 Rev. War). Avery had lost his discharge papers from Nov. 1781 and did not file for pension benefits until age 76. He forfeited all claim to back payments. From this online post, it seems that Avery’s delay was not his own, but the U.S. government’s inaction to accept pension applications. “The government waited until 50 years after the war (1832) to accept pension applications.”

Reproduced below is the full text of Avery’s pension application statement, which can be found in PDF form at this site. I have not altered spelling or punctuation of the statement. Nowhere in the document is Avery’s regiment name. We know he enlisted under Captain Thomas Dillard. In this family history by Lucy Henderson, we read on page 58 that in June of 1776, Captain Dillard’s force marched in hunting shirts to Gwynne’s Island. Avery would have been on that march, since he volunteered about June 1 of 1776. Lucy writes that Captain Thomas Dillard was of “the Continential line of the Pittsylvania County regulars.”  I’ve found no online match for that term.

Pension Application of Avery Mustain: W7488
Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris

State of Virginia}
County of Pittsylvania} Sct

On this 22nd day of August 1832 personally appeared in open Court before David H. Clark, Wm S. Pannill, Coleman D. Bennett & John A. Clark the Court of Pittsylvania County now sitting Avery Mustain a resident of Camden Parish in the County of Pittsylvania and State of Virginia aged 76 years who being first duly sworn according to Law doth on his Oath make the following declaration in Order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. That he was born 26th February 1756 near where he now lives, about 1st June 1776 he volunteered under Thomas Dilliard [Dillard] Capt., John Heard Lieut, Robert Dalton Ensign and marched to Guyns [sic: Gwynn] Island Va near the mouth of the Peanketank [sic: Piankatank] River and assisted in driving off Lord Dunmore, the then Governor of Va [11 July 1776]. There was no officer of higher grade than Capt. on the side of the River he was stationed. While there an express arrived and he marched with his Company to the Tennessee River in the [now] state of Tennessee against the Cherokee nation of Indians. in this expedition Heard was Capt. (Capt. Dilliard having thrown up) Dalton was Lieut. & Turly [sic: Tully] Choice Ensign.

After arriving at New London Va. [in present Campbell County] they were attached to the command of Colo. Charles Lewis of Albemarle Va. He forgets his Maj’r. Capt. [Joseph] Martin (afterwards Gen’l. Martin of Henry Cty Va.) commanded a company in the expedition. After arriving on the Holston River, Colo Wm Christian being the oldest officer was first in command. after arriving in the Indian Territory (the enemy having deserted their homes) they burnt up their Houses and Corn and Eat their Potatoes. all of his Company returned thence home. No discharges were given and all returned with their Captain a few days before Christmass 1776.

About the first of May 1780 he was drafted to go to the South. Isaac Clement Capt (forgets the name of Lieut. and Ensign) he marched by Peter Perkins on Dan River Va where he met several companys, by Hilsboro [sic: Hillsborough] N.C. where he met with manny troops and the following officers, General [Edward] Stevens who was the Commander, Colonels Richerson [sic: Holt Richardson] & [Ralph] Faulkner and Maj’r Henry Conway. thence he marched towards Camden S.C. crossing the Big & Little Peedee [sic: Pee Dee] and a few miles this side of Camden he met with General’s [Horatio] Gates, DeKalb and [William] Smallwood and next day was in the Battle in which the Americans were defeated [Battle of Camden, 16 Aug 1780]. He then returned home about the last of August 1780 and received a discharge.

In February 1781 he volunteered under Gabriel Shelton Capt., James Waid Lieut. & Vincent Shelton Ensign. Capt Shelton left his company and he was then commanded by Capt Thomas Smith, crossed Dan River at Boyds Ferry, crossed Haw river in North Carolina & after marching to & fro for a while returned home after being absent 4 or 5 weeks & was not in the Battle of Guilford [15 March 1781]. In August 1781 he was drafted to go to the siege of York Town Va [28 Sep - 19 Oct 1781]. William Dix Capt., David Hurt Lieut, Clem McDaniel Ensign. after arriving at York Town, Capt Dix was succeeded by Capt. Charles Willliams. He assisted in raising breast works & Batterys; after the surrender of Lord Cornwallis, he was detailed and marched to Nolands Ferry on the Potowmac [sic: Potomac] river with the Prisoners and at Leesburg he received a discharge about the last of November 1781 which he has lost. He hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a Pension or annuity except the present and declares that his name is not on the Pension roll of the Agency of any state – Sworn to and subscribed the day and year aforesaid – Avery Mustain

NOTE: On 18 Mar 1839 Mary Mustain, 74, applied for a pension stating that she married Avery Mustain in March 1783, and he died 31 Aug 1833. A typed summary states that her maiden name was Mary Barber. With her application is a family record with the names and dates of birth of their children and apparently some grandchildren.

Avery’s Grave Stone and Location

Avery Mustain Headstone

Avery Mustain (1756-1833)

This Find a Grave link has a photo of Avery’s headstone, with name misspelled, and details about the cemetery.

Please note that it’s on private land.

Cemetery notes and/or description:
Located on private property down behind the barn.
36 56.673N 79 18.520 W
Thanks to Mike K. Williams for the GPS coordinates.

According to a pittsylvaniacountyhistory.com, Avery’s grave is located at 2277 Rockford School Road in Gretna, VA. (5 mi. N of Ray’s Mill). This discussion thread from ancestry.com gives details from someone who has visited the grave.

I have to wonder why Avery’s spouse, Mary, waited until 1839 to file for her rights to Avery’s pension, after he died in 1833. Here are other online references to Avery’s war service:

Roster of Revolutionary War soldiers from Pittsylvania Co., in alphabetical order:
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~vapittsy/revolutionary.htm#list

Also:

http://en.rodovid.org/wk/Person:108720

 

Littleberry Patterson, Molley Mustain’s Father-in-Law Also Was in the Revolution

According to Delores M. Mustaine’s book, The descendents of Thomas Mustain of Pittsylvania County, Virginia; Thomas’ daughter Molley’s father-in-law, Littleberry Patterson, was also a veteran of the Revolutionary War. So far, I’ve found this reference. The online photo archive of Delores’ book does not show numbers on each page. If you begin with the page titled “Pioneer, Thomas Mustain of Virginia,” details about Molley and the Patterson family begin in the middle of the 5th page.

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